Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


N-2 - USD ($)
$ / shares in Units, $ in Millions
3 Months Ended 12 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2023
Jun. 30, 2022
Dec. 31, 2022
Cover [Abstract]      
Entity Central Index Key 0000081955    
Amendment Flag false    
Securities Act File Number 814-00235    
Document Type 10-Q    
Entity Registrant Name Rand Capital Corporation    
Entity Address, Address Line One 1405 Rand Building    
Entity Address, City or Town Buffalo    
Entity Address, State or Province NY    
Entity Address, Postal Zip Code 14203    
City Area Code 716    
Local Phone Number 853-0802    
Entity Emerging Growth Company false    
Financial Highlights [Abstract]      
Senior Securities Amount   $ 25  
Senior Securities, Note [Text Block] See “Note 6. Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility” in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding the terms of our Credit Facility.    
General Description of Registrant [Abstract]      
Investment Objectives and Practices [Text Block]

Our investment objective is to generate current income and when possible, capital appreciation, by targeting investment opportunities with favorable risk-adjusted returns. As a result, we are focused on investing in higher yielding debt instruments and related equity investments in privately held, lower middle market companies with a committed and experienced management team in a broad variety of industries. We may also invest in publicly traded shares of other business development companies that provide income through dividends and have more liquidity than our private company equity investments.

Risk [Text Block]

Our investment activities contain elements of risk. Our investment portfolio primarily consists of debt and equity securities in private companies and is subject to valuation risk. Because there is typically no public market for the debt and equity securities in which we invest, the valuation of the equity interests in the portfolio is stated at “fair value” as determined in good faith by RCM and approved by our Board of Directors. This is in accordance with our investment valuation policy (see the discussion of valuation policy contained in “Note 3. Investments” in the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in Item 1 of this report, which is hereby incorporated herein by reference.) In the absence of readily ascertainable market values, the estimated value of investments in our portfolio may differ significantly from the values that would be placed on such investments in our portfolio if a ready market for the investments existed. Any changes in valuation are recorded on the consolidated statement of operations as “Net change in unrealized appreciation or depreciation on investments.”

At times, our portfolio may include, and does currently include, marketable securities traded in the over-the-counter market or on other stock markets. In addition, there may be a portion of the portfolio for which no regular trading market exists. In order to realize the full value of a security, the market must trade in an orderly fashion, or a willing purchaser must be available when a sale is to be made. Should an economic or other event occur that would not allow markets to trade in an orderly fashion, we may not be able to realize the fair value of our marketable investments or other investments in a timely manner.

At March 31, 2023, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements or hedging or similar derivative financial instrument investments.

Latest NAV $ 23.00   $ 22.36
Capital Stock, Long-Term Debt, and Other Securities [Abstract]      
Security Dividends [Text Block] Board of Directors declared the following quarterly cash dividend during the three months ended March 31, 2023:






Record Date


Payment Date







March 13, 2023


March 27, 2023

Security Preemptive and Other Rights [Text Block]

SEC Exemptive Order

On October 7, 2020, Rand, RCM and certain of their affiliates received an exemptive order from the SEC to permit the Corporation to co-invest in portfolio companies with certain affiliates, including other BDCs and registered investment companies, managed by RCM and certain of its affiliates, in a manner consistent with the Corporation’s investment objective, positions, policies, strategies and restrictions as well as regulatory requirements, subject to compliance with certain conditions (the “Order”). On March 29, 2021, the SEC granted Rand, RCM, Callodine, which holds a controlling interest in RCM, and certain of their affiliates a new exemptive order (the “New Order”) that superseded the Order and permits Rand to co-invest with affiliates managed by RCM and Callodine. Pursuant to the New Order, the Corporation is generally permitted to co-invest with affiliates covered by the New Order if a “required majority” (as defined in Section 57(o) of the 1940 Act) of Rand’s independent directors makes certain conclusions in connection with a co-investment transaction, including that (1) the terms of the transaction, including the consideration to be paid, are reasonable and fair to Rand and its shareholders and do not involve overreaching in respect of Rand or its shareholders on the part of any person concerned, (2) the transaction is consistent with the interests of the Rand’s shareholders and is consistent with Rand’s investment objective and strategies and (3) the investment by Rand’s affiliates would not disadvantage Rand, and Rand’s participation would not be on a basis different from or less advantageous than that on which Rand’s affiliates are investing. In addition, on September 6, 2022, the SEC granted an amendment to the New Order to permit us to participate in follow-on investments in our existing portfolio companies with certain Affiliated Funds (as defined in the New Order) that do not hold any investments in such existing portfolio companies.